Gdansk and the neighbouring cities of Gdynia and Sopot form the Tricity metropolis – one of the Poland’s largest industrial, academic and cultural centres. Each of the cities, located adjacent to one another on the coast of the Gdansk Bay, represents different character and separate history. Only visiting them all gives an insight in the tempestuous history of the area.
The history of Gdansk stretches back more than 1000 years, in which the city has been always the centre of events.
Thanks to its strategic position at Vistula river’s estuary, the small fisher village Gdansk quickly developed becoming one of main ports on Baltic Sea. In 14th century the city joined the Hanseatic League and soon was told a Granary of Europe due to the amounts of crops traded in the port.
Conquered by Teutonic Knights, incorporated into Prussia during Poland’s partition and finally becoming an Independent City, Gdansk always declared the loyalty to the Polish state. At the same time the city has always kept its independent character and atmosphere as a cosmopolitan trade centre.
The 20th century made Gdansk In 1939 a witness of even more turbulent events. In 1939 the city was unexpectedly attacked by the Nazi army, which was the beginning of the World War II. It is also here, were the anti-communist movement Solidarity under the leadership of young Lech Walesa was formed, eventually causing the fall of communist regime in whole Central Europe.
Today Gdansk amazes the visitors with the number of monuments and historical sights.
The main attractions of the Old Town are concentrated along the Royal Route. Starting from the High Gate and Prison Tower you will pass the Golden Gate and enter the Long Street and Long Market. It is the very heart of the Old Town where most of the city life concentrates. You will certainly not miss the Fountain of Neptune, which is located right outside the late-gothic Artus Court – once meeting place for the wealthy burghers of Gdansk. The Long Market is crowned by the 16th century Renaissance Green Gate. Not far from here you will find the Crane – a symbol of the city together with Neptune – which is the oldest port crane in Europe. Another important sights is the St. Mary Basilica, the largest brick built church in Europe.
Wandering through the Old Town you will pass many Amber galleries and workshops, which are part of the Gdansk’s tradition. In here you will have the chance to see the craftsmen at work and learn some secrets about this precious material.
Within a 15-minute walk from the Old Town you will reach the Solidarity Museum and Fallen Shipyard Workers monument standing at the gates of the Gdansk Shipyard.
We also recommend to take a trip outside the city centre and visit the 14th century Oliva Cathedral with its famous baroque organ. In summer time you can a special 20-minute concert every full hour.
For guests looking for an unconventional way to discover the Tricity we recommend the Tricity Bike Tour. more