In 1940 German Nazis constructed a concentration and extermination camp near the town of Oświęcim in south eastern Poland. The camp, first intended for the Polish political prisoners, from 1942 became the largest mass extermination site of Jews from all over German-occupied Europe. By the end of war about 1,5 million people lost their lives in there.
The National Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau was established in 1947 honouring the victims and preserving remains of the horrifying past. Although the visit in there is a poignant experience, it is every person’s duty to take this important and memorable lesson of history – the history that must never be forgotten.
Distance from Krakow city centre: 69 km, about 1,5 h driving one way